Russian Federation risks HIV epidemic as cases rise


Last week, a UNAID report found that 9.4 million people living with HIV worldwide do not now know they are living with the virus. In 2017, 159 420 newly diagnosed HIV infections were reported in 50 of the 53 countries of the WHO European Region, and about 130 000 of them appeared in Eastern Europe.

The estimate in the East 51.1 new cases detected per 100,000 people was inordinately excessive than in the West, which possessed a rate of 6.4 new cases per 100,000 people.

"We live in a context necessarily different from the imaginary of many people, since the treatments are very effective today". We must overcome the stigma of HIV infection and treatment and continue our efforts in dispelling false beliefs about how HIV and AIDS are spread. They attribute that news to a 20 percent decrease in HIV diagnoses among men who have sex with men since 2015.

The increase in new HIV diagnoses continued for the WHO European Region as a whole, but its pace was slower than in previous years.

Activists blame widespread discrimination against LGBT+ people for an eight-fold rise in transmission among men having sex with men, to more than 1,000 cases annually.

Dr. Masoud Dara, coordinator of communicable diseases and HIV team lead at WHO Europe said that we are quite behind in obtaining those targets especially in Eastern Europe and Central Asia. "It is important for our public health services to support easy and affordable access to testing and medical care for vulnerable groups at risk of HIV infection".

"It's hard to talk about good news in the face of another year of unacceptably high numbers of people infected with HIV".

MP portraits
Lloyd Russell Moyle has been diagnosed with HIV

"People with HIV have a near-normal life expectancy if diagnosed early and treated promptly".

HIV diagnoses are falling in the European Union and European Economic Area, thanks to more widespread testing, fast treatment and the roll-out of pre-exposure prophylaxis. Although infections tend to occur as a result of behaviours initiated during adolescence, the HIV diagnosis tends to be established at a later stage.

Of new HIV diagnoses in the eastern part of the Region, 59% are reported to be from heterosexual transmission.

In the rest of the former Soviet Union, new cases of infected drug users have fallen 45 percent to 6,218 a year in a decade, while new cases of heterosexual transmission increased 59 percent to nearly 18,000.

Also in Germany, an estimated 13,000 people with HIV who are unaware of their infection.

The Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) has set a so-called 90-90-90 target with the aim to eliminate Aids by 2030.

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